Roller to trample, rub and compacted soil to deal with the foundation of the building, compaction, DAMS and levees in the middle of the 19th century, before the west road engineering is given priority to with pave the way for a pebble, natural rolling compaction mainly by vehicles, until 1858, after the invention of crusher machine to promote the development on the surface of the gravel road, it gradually emerged horse-drawn roller compaction work, this is the first roller shape, in France in 1860 appeared a steam roller, to further promote and improve the gravel road surface construction technology and quality, speed up the progress. At the beginning of the 20th century, the world's recognized gravel road was the most excellent pavement and promoting global, compaction is gradually known by people, the concept of roller and then out of the road construction site, the middle of the 19th century, the invention of the internal combustion engine to the compaction equipment development are of great vitality. The first internal combustion engine powered roller was born in the early 20th century. Followed the pneumatic tyre roller, and the sheep foot roller grinding roller and light is almost at the same time, people for static grinding roller compaction effect are studied, think to increase the weight of the roller can make the line of roller pressure increases, thus improve the compaction effect. So, for quite a long time, people committed to the development of large tonnage roller, the largest tyre roller Ceng Chongda more than 200 tons, but this period, the change of the roller is the main body and shape on the improvement of power.